بررسی اثر آب آبیاری شور و کاربرد عنصر روی در خاک آلوده به کادمیوم بر خصوصیات رشدی و غلظت کادمیوم کلم قمری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 فارق التحصیل دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشیار گروه علوم خاک، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

3 دانشیار گروه علوم خاک، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق بررسی اثر آبیاری با دو نوع آب شور حاوی کلریدسدیم و کلریدکلسیم و کاربرد عنصر روی در خاک آلوده به کادمیوم بر خصوصیات رشدی و غلظت کادمیوم در کلم قمری(Brassica olerace var. gongylodes) است. این آزمایش در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با آرایش فاکتوریل با سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل سه سطح شوری آب (صفر، 5/2 و 5 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر) با دو نوع نمک کلریدسدیم و کلریدکلسیم در آب آبیاری و سه سطح روی (صفر، 50 و 100 میلی‌گرم روی بر کیلوگرم خاک) از منبع سولفات‌روی بود. تمامی تیمار ها با 15 میلی‌گرم کادمیوم بر کیلوگرم خاک توسط نمک نیترات کادمیوم آلوده شد. نتایج نشان داد، افزایش شوری منجر به افزایش غلظت کادمیوم کلم و کاهش رشد آن شد. شوری کلریدکلسیم نسبت به شوری کلریدسدیم، غلظت روی کمتری را در ریشه گیاه کلم نشان داد. تیمار روی تأثیری بر بهبود خصوصیات رشدی گیاه نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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